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Thrissur Pooram dates

Panchang Ganita, Panchanga Siddhanta, Panchang Author: Pundit Mahesh Shastriji, Seattle, WA USA
Inspiration: Late Pundit Maganlal Devshanker Shastriji


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Thrissur Pooram dates

Thrissur Pooram

Thrissur/ Thrissivaperoor pooram commonly called the pooram of all poorams. It is one of the mammoth pooram festival in kerala. It has been celebrated every year in Medam ( April) month, as per malayalam calendar, at Vadakkumnathan temple, situated on famous thekkinkadu maidhanam, a hillock right in the centre of city. It was believed that every year the dynastic gods and goddesses of neighbouring temple met together for a day of celebration. It is a 36 hours continuous pooram attracting a huge mass of people from different places including international tourists. The two dewasoms Thiruvampadi and Paramekkavu are the two temples are the major temples to make the festival a remarkable one.

The pooram starts at the time of Kanimangalam sasthavu ezhunnellippu in the early morning and followed by the ezhunnellippu of other six temples. One of the major event in Thrissur pooram is Madathil varavu- is a panchavadhyam melam, participating more than 200 artists, consists of Thimila, Madhalam, Trumpet, Cymbal and Edakka (Different types of instruments). At 2 O clock, inside the vadakkumnathan temple starts the famous Ilanjithara melam a type of melam consists of drum, trumpets, pipe and cymbal.

Just two days before pooram, there is a huge exhibition Ana chamaya pradharshanam (exhibition of elephant decorations), of both temple at various schools.

The pooram has a good collection of elephants (more than 50) decorated with nettipattam (decorative golden headdress), strikingly crafted Kolam, decorative bells, ornaments and the umbrellas, venchamaram, and alavattam are awesome and it enrich the beauty of elephants and pooram.

At the end of the pooram, after the Ilanjithara melam, both Paramekkavu and Thiruvambadi groups enter the temple through the western gate and come out through the southern gate and array themselves, face to face in distant places. The two groups in the presence of melam, exchange colourful and crafted umbrellas competitively at the top of the elephants called Kudamattom, which is eye catching attraction of the pooram.

The pooram concluded with a spectacular fire works display, which is held in next day early morning after the pooram. The two temples competitively crack many innovative and charming fire works, which make spectators going into ruptures.

The another notable feature of the pooram is its secular nature. All other communities actively participate and make their prominent role in each and every part of the festival. Most of the pandal works are crafted by muslim community. The materials for the umbrellas for Kudamattom are offered by the churches and their members. It is a good sign of secularism which is disintegrating nowadays. This pooram festival differs from other national festivals like Kumbha Mela of Uttar Pradesh, the Vijayadashami pageantry of Mysor or the Rath Yatra of Orissa. This pooram upholding communal harmony and all people from different religion gives hand to hand to the success of pooram.

History of Pooram

Thrissur pooram is started two centuries back the then ruler of Cochin, Sakthan Thampuran or Raja Rama Varma, in 1798. Sakthan Thampuran, so known for his firm and decisive administration, decided to break tradition and started to celebrate the pooram festival belonging to his region. Before the initiation of Thrissur pooram, Arattupuzha festival was the largest temple festival, which is around 12 Km from the city. Temples near the Thrissur were the regular participants of the Arattupuzha pooram untile they were denied by the chief of Peruvanam Gramam due to the delayed entry of the Thrissur and Kuttanellur termple. This caused the Thrissur Naduvazhi, the chief poojari of Vadakkunnathan, known as Yogadiripad and the Kuttanellur Naduvazhi started the pooram in Thrissur.This pooram started as an act of reprisal quickly lost its charm, after infighting between the two main Naduvazhis. It required the intervention of the ruler to get this right. Sakthan Thampuran unified the 10 temples situated around Vadakkunnathan temple and organized the celebration of Thrissur Pooram as a mass festival. He ordained these temples into two groups, Western group and Eastern group. The Western group as Thiruvambady consisting of Kanimangalam, Laloor, Ayyanthole, Nethilakkavu and the Thiruvambady temple, as the main one. The Eastern group called as Paramekkavu, consisting in addition to Paramekkavu temple, Karamukku, Chembukavu, Choorakottukavu and Panamukkamppilly. The pooram was to be centered around the Vadakkunnathan temple, with all these temples sending their poorams (the whole procession), to pay obeisance to the Shiva, the presiding deity. The Thampuran is believed to have chalked out the program and the main events of the Thrissur pooram festival. It is this historical background that determines the course of the pooram program and it is specifically the ruler's antipathy to the Brahmin aristocracy to open Thrissur pooram for the common man.

Dates for Thrissur Pooram all over the World (2013):

  • Hawaii: April 21st 2013
  • USA/PST: April 22nd 2013
  • USA/MST: April 22nd 2013
  • USA/CST: April 22nd 2013
  • USA/EST: April 22nd 2013
  • UK: April 11th 2013
  • India: April 11th 2013
  • Malaysia: April 11th 2013
  • Australia -- WAU: April 11th 2013
  • Australia -- SAU: April 11th 2013
  • Australia -- NT: April 11th 2013
  • Australia -- QSLND: April 11th 2013
  • Australia -- NSW: April 11th 2013
  • Australia -- ACT: April 11th 2013
  • Newzeland: April 11th 2013
  • Fiji: April 11th 2013
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yaj jagrato duram udaiti daivam tad u suptasya tatHaivaiti|
duramgamam jyotisam jyotir ekam tan me manaH shivasankalpam astu||
||shri shukla yajurveda vajasaneyi samhita (madhyandina sakha) 34.1||

The divine essence that goes far away, from the waking, and likewise from the sleeping, and that one far-traveling Light of lights, on that-the auspicious will of the divine-may my mind dwell.

.. sarve janA sukhino santu ..
kriShNa! kriShNa!! kriShNa!!!

I bow down to the supreme personality of godhead Lord kriShNa who makes incomplete complete.
Pundit Mahesh Shastriji
Seattle, WA, USA
shastrijii at mypanchang dot com


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