Panchangam, Vedic Astrology, Kundli
Sri Ram Navami

Panchang Ganita, Panchanga Siddhanta, Panchang Author: Pundit Mahesh Shastriji, Seattle, WA USA
Inspiration: Late Pundit Maganlal Devshanker Shastriji


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Sri Ram Navami

Contributed by: Pundit Srinivas Khedam

Adau Rama ThapoVandadi GamaNam Hathwaa Mrugam Kanchanam
Vaidehiee Haranam Jataayu Maranam Sugreeva SambhaShanam
Vaalee NigrahaNam SamudraTharaNam LankaaPureeDahanam
PaschaaDraavana KumbaKarna Nidhanam HyeThyadhi Raamaayanam

Appearance Day of the Most Perfect Form of Lord Vishnu - Sri Rama Navami

Among all the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu the incarnation of Lord Rama is considered as the best of all. When asked by sage Narada Lord Vishnu says that He enjoyed the incarnation of Rama than all the other incarnations. This is because in this incarnation Lord experienced the joy, love, compassion, pain and suffering just like human beings. The purpose of this incarnation was not only to kill the demon Ravana but mainly to demonstrate the qualities of a good son, brother, husband, son-in-law, king, father, and a friend. There is a powerful message in every verse of the Ramayana, and those who understand the secrets and apply them in their life, they will be walking in the footsteps of Lord Rama, and leading a blissful life.

Rama Navami in North India

This day is dedicated to worshipping Lord Rama. All houses are cleaned and decorated nicely with colors and flowers. People go to the temple to celebrate the life of Lord Rama. Plays on the life of Lord Rama are enacted in the temples and other places of gathering. Importantly plays cover the most important aspects of Lord Ramas life: birth, life in guru kulam(school), marriage with Sitha Devi, life in the forest, friendship with Sugreeva and Hanuman, the war with Ravana, and coronation at Ayodhya. In Ayodhya (the birth place of Lord Rama) Lord Rama, Sith Devi, Lakshmana, and Hanuman are paraded in the streets with devotees singing bhajans, dances and songs. Special food is prepared at homes and in the temples. People wear new clothes, arrange feasts at their places, invite families and friends and share food with them, distribute food and clothes to the poor people.

Fasting During the Navarathri and Recitation of Ramayana
The day of fasting begins nine days before the Rama Navami(Lord Ramas birth), and in most places this day is the New Year. People start fasting from the New Year day by abstaining from the staple food of rice and bread. They eat only fruits and milk for ten days, and spend time reciting a few thousand verses from Ramayana everyday. The entire Ramayana containing over one hundred thousand verses will be finished during the nine days of Navarathri. Another reason why people observe Navarathri is because a divine girl called Vaishno Devi also performed Navarathri vrath(penance) for Lord Ramas victory over Ravana. Vaishno Devi was a divine girl who started meditating upon Lord Rama at the age of 9 years and when she expressed an interest to marry Lord Rama, he says that He vowed to be married only to Sitha Devi in that incarnation, and would marry her in the tenth incarnation of Kalki at the end of Kali Yuga. By observing Navarathri, devotees of Lord Rama follow the footsteps of Vaishno Devi. Another significance of observing Navarathri is to perform penance and meditate upon Lord Rama, so that they also lead a life like Lord Rama, who is an example for a perfect human being.

Rama Navami in South India
During his 14 years of time in forests Lord Rama travelled all the way from Ayodhya to the south tip of India, Kanyakumari. In His journey Lord Rama spent time at different places in South India. One famous place is called Bhadrachalam. It is in Andhra Pradesh state and the thatch hut called Panchavati was built here. It is in the Panchavati that Lord Rama and Sitha Devi spent their time during the vanavasa. This is the place where Lord Rama went after the golden deer that Sitha Devi wanted, and it is from here that Sitha Devi was abducted by the demon Ravana. Sri Sitha Rama Kalyanam is performed in a grand scale at Bhadrachalam every year on Sri Rama Navami day. Millions of people turn up to witness the Sri Sitha Rama Kalyanam at Bhadrachalam, and also take a dip in the sacred river Godavari. In South India devotees celebrate Rama Navami by performing the marriage ceremony of Lord Rama and Sith Devi. On this day people decorate their homes with colors, especially door entrances with mango leaves which signify the prosperity. People wear new clothes and perform special prayers to Lord Rama at home. Then they go to the temple to witness the marriage ceremony of Lord Rama and Sitha Devi. The special food of jaggery water(paanakam) and soaked lentles(Kosambri) are served along with mago rice. Since this is the very hot time of the summer season, drinking paanakam and eating kosambri gives cooling effect to the body, and they also have a very important medicinal value.

Sitha Rama Kalyanam

In Hindu tradition there is huge significance for the marriage ceremony of God and Goddess. First of all marriage is a very sacred ceremony, because it is the unification of man and woman, the two forces that give meaning to the life on this earth. Marriage is beginning to a new life. It is said in scriptures that without the presence of woman there is no meaning to the life of a man. Lord Vishnu also says that without His wife Maha Lakshmi He is incomplete. To emphasize the importance of woman, Lord Shiva appeared as Ardha Nareeshwara(Half woman and half man).
The marriage of God and Goddess is Two Powers coming together to create an Immense Power. The word kalyanam(marriage) means well being. That means it is a sacred activity that is done for the well being of others. It is said in the scriptures that for the well being of the universe, people, and all the entities of creation kalyanam(marriage) of God and Goddess must be performed regularly. Since God is our father and Goddess is our mother, they will shower blessings on people every time they are worshipped, their names are chanted and their marriage is performed.
On the other hand, God is the only Man(Purusha) and everyone else is a woman. Everyone must be desirous of marrying Him spiritually. That means winning the heart of the God, and becoming dearer to Him. Lord Vishnu says that His devotees are dearer to Him, and He can only be bound by His devotees. One can win the heart of God only by surrendering oneself to Him, love Him with utmost sincerity, worship Him, chant His name all the time, dream of Him and think about Him always. Kalyanam(marriage) of God and Goddess is a reminder for us of our goal - getting married to God with devotion, juts like 16000 gopikas(cowgirls) were married to Lord Krishna.

The Meaning and the Power of the word Rama
It said in the scripture that the word RAMA is so powerful that by uttering the first syllable of RA people get rid of all their sins, and by uttering the second syllable of MA, people attain Moksham(salvation). Ra means the universe, Ma means master(Eeshwara). That means Rama is the master of the universe. In the word RAMA the syllable RA eliminates all sins, the syllable AA takes out the ignorance, and the syllable MA gives peace and happiness. RA means paramaathma(supreme soul), AA means nature, and MA means Jeevathma(the earthly soul). The scriptures say that the most powerful OM and Rama are one and same. Further, when the sound RA from the Ashtakshari Manthram Om Namo Narayanaya and the sound MA from the Panchakshari Mantharm Namashivaya are joined it becomes Rama Tharaka Manthram called RAMA. Thus it becomes a universal manthra for people of all traditions.
It is because of such an immense power it is said that chanting the name of Rama will liberate one from the birth and death cycle. Further, there are many stories in Ramayana to indicate how Lord Rama gave Moksham(salvation) to all those who surrendered to Him. Shabari(the old lady belonging to a low caste) and Jataayu(the eagle who tried to stop Ravana from abducting Sitha Devi) are two good examples to show us that anyone who surrenders to Lord Rama gets moksham(salvation).

Hanuman Jayanthi

Hanuman Jayanthi falls on the full moon day of Chaitra maasa. It is the day on which Lord Hanuman was born. Lord Hanuman, who surrendered completely to Lord Rama, is a perfect example for a great devotee. The qualities that make Lord Hanuman great are: Pure heart, obedience to his master, courage, enthusiasms to serve his lord, self control, intelligence, Vedic qualifications, ability to speak in an articulate manner, etc. Several stories are there to say who the Lord Hanuman is. One among them is that Lord Hanuman was born with the amsha(power) of Lord Shiva. He is the son of Vayu, the wind god. Lord Hanuman was instrumental in finding out Lanka, the place where Sitha Devi was hidden by Ravana. Lord Hanuman was a humble devotee who never claimed that it was him who did great things like crossing the great ocean, defeating Ravanas demon warriors, located Sitha Devi, etc. but he always admitted sincerely that it is Lord Ramas grace that enabled him to do all great activities.
Lord Hanuman is such a great devotee that Lord Rama, Sitha Devi, and Lakshmana are in his heart all the time. After the coronation ceremony Lord Hanuman tears his heart and shows to everyone how Lord Rama, Sitha Devi and Lakshmana are in his heart. For his devotion and service to Lord Rama, he was given the boon of living until the name of Rama exists in this universe. Since the name of Lord Rama can never disappear from this universe, Lord Hanuman will live eternally. It is strongly believed that lord Hanuman still lives in the Himalayas chanting the name of Lord Rama.
In Kali Yuga chanting the name of Lord Rama just like lord hanuman will help us to overcome day to day challenges and pave the way towards Sri Vaikuntam, the abode of Lord Rama who is the incarnation of Lord Vishnu Himself.
Chant the following manthra everyday to overcome day to day challenges, receive spiritual wealth and peace in your life. Important of all Lord Ramas blessings will be with you. Also, lord Hanuman will continue to protect those who chant the sacred name of Lord Rama, because he will be with those who chant the name of Lord Rama.
ApadaamapHartharam Daathaaram Sarva Sampadaam|
LokabhiRamama SreeRamam Bhuyo Bhuyo Namamyaham||

Rama Navami (Smartha) dates for 2013

  • Hawaii: April 19th 2013
  • USA/PST: April 19th 2013
  • USA/MST: April 19th 2013
  • USA/CST: April 19th 2013
  • USA/EST: April 19th 2013
  • UK: April 11th 1913
  • India: April 19th 2013
  • Malaysia: April 19th 2013
  • Australia -- WAU: April 19th 2013
  • Australia -- SAU: April 19th 2013
  • Australia -- NT: April 20th 2013
  • Australia -- QSLND: April 20th 2013
  • Australia -- NSW: April 20th 2013
  • Australia -- ACT: April 20th 2013
  • Newzeland: April 20th 2013
  • Fiji: April 20th 2013

Rama Navami (Vaishnava Sampradaya) dates for 2013

  • Hawaii: April 19th 2013
  • USA/PST: April 19th 2013
  • USA/MST: April 19th 2013
  • USA/CST: April 19th 2013
  • USA/EST: April 19th 2013
  • UK: April 11th 1913
  • India: April 19th 2013
  • Malaysia: April 20th 2013
  • Australia -- WAU: April 20th 2013
  • Australia -- SAU: April 20th 2013
  • Australia -- NT: April 20th 2013
  • Australia -- QSLND: April 20th 2013
  • Australia -- NSW: April 20th 2013
  • Australia -- ACT: April 20th 2013
  • Newzeland: April 20th 2013
  • Fiji: April 20th 2013

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yaj jagrato duram udaiti daivam tad u suptasya tatHaivaiti|
duramgamam jyotisam jyotir ekam tan me manaH shivasankalpam astu||
||shri shukla yajurveda vajasaneyi samhita (madhyandina sakha) 34.1||

The divine essence that goes far away, from the waking, and likewise from the sleeping, and that one far-traveling Light of lights, on that-the auspicious will of the divine-may my mind dwell.

.. sarve janA sukhino santu ..
kriShNa! kriShNa!! kriShNa!!!

I bow down to the supreme personality of godhead Lord kriShNa who makes incomplete complete.
Pundit Mahesh Shastriji
Seattle, WA, USA
shastrijii at mypanchang dot com


Vedic Druka Siddha High Precision Nirayana Panchangam data calculated by Pundit Mahesh Shastriji.
Email: shastrijii at mypanchang dot com (
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