Panchang for Mumbai, Maharastra 2011
Welcome to the World of High Precision Vedic Panchang based on NASA's JPL Ephemeris
(Other online panchangam will have difference of few minutes or seconds with ours as they are not based on NASA's JPL)
Panchang Ganita, Panchanga Siddhanta,
Pundit Mahesh Shastriji, Seattle, WA USA Inspiration: Late Pundit Maganlal Devshanker Shastriji
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are living outside India you should subscribe as the festival dates
observed in India is different in other parts of world).
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Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Orrisa and
other eastern states, generally non-hindi speaking.)
To view Amavasyant panchangam please on any link below)
(Mostly Hindi speaking states of North India
such as Punjab, Hariyana, MP, UP, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Rajasthan etc...)
To view Purnimant panchangam please on any link below)
All timings presented here are adjusted for daylight saving time, You do not need to do anything. Start using panchangam as it is.
Most panchangas on other sites are not adjusted for daylight saving time. Our panchangas are adjusted for daylight saving time for all places in the world. If you find error let us know.
If you see one hour difference between our panchangam and others during summer time means their panchangams are not adjusted for daylight saving time.
If you still want to continue using their panchangam then you need to add one hour to their timings. If you want to use ours then you don't need to do any math.
Length of the day varies from place to place. Hence every country decides their own daylight saving timings.
At present Countries like India, Pakistan, Srilanka DO NOT maintain daylight saving.
About Sunrise/Sunset timings:
All daily newspapers give astronomical sunrise timings. Which is the edge of the disk visible above eastern horizon.
For astrological and muhurtham calculation this (daily newspaper/astronomical) sunrise cannot be used.
For religious purposes and astrology when the middle of the sun's disk rises above eastern horizon timings are taken.
For panchangam purposes astronomical (daily newspaper) sunrise and sunset has no use, and hence our website uses
the disk appears to rise above eastern horizon
values for sunrise and sunset. Hence, they may differ from daily newspaper
timings by a few minutes as it takes some time for sun's middle of the disk to rise above eastern horizon. We only give sunrise used
for religious and astrological purpose which is used to determine exact Rahukalam, Yamagandam, Gulikai, Durmuhurtham, Abhijit
Muhurtham, Chogadia / Gowri panchangam and various other timings. This is another big mistake people do is use newspaper sunrise and sunset.
All festival determinations are done based on 'madhyabimb darshan' -- middle of the disk visible.
About Tithi, Nakshatra, Yoga, and Karana Timings:
Indian dates are not fixed for 24 hours. They can be shorter and longer in the length.
The day is from one sunrise to another sunrise. So this means usually any day will have two tithis, two nakshatras, two yogas, and three karanas.
This is because panchangam denotes when they will end. Hence these timings are end timings. Next one starts right after current Tithi, Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana ends. For example T:Saptami 12:10:22 means Saptami ends at 12:10:22 and asthami starts right after that time.
Hence on that day from sunrise to 12:10:22 it’s saptami then it’s asthami. Like wise for nakshatra, yoga and karana.
Now sometimes one tithi can be shorter. For example sunrise is at 6:10 AM and tithi saptami can end at 6:48:23 AM and right away asthami will start
but it can very well end before next day sunrise which will be 6:11 AM, and asthami end timings 29:10:23 AM means 24+5:10 5:10:23 AM next day.
In this case saptami till 6:48:34 AM, astami till 29:10:23 (5:10:23 AM of next day -- remember indian day is from sunrise to sunrise and hence we don't reset clock at midnight),
and from 29:10:23 (5:10:23AM) navami till sunrise (6:11 AM of next day), and hence three tithis.
Same applies for nakshatra, and yogas too.
Now karana is a half tithi means each tithi will have two karana.
In normal cases when every day when we have two tithis those days we’ll have three karanas (2 implicit mentioned and one explicit means after that time till sunrise next karana). As explained before
About Sun and Moon Timings:
They are pravesha timings means it's the time when sun and moon will change their rashis. For example: SN: Mithuna 22:10. It means Sun will enter mithuna rashi at (22:10) 10:10 PM.
Before that sun will be in vrishabha rashi. Like wise for the moon MN: Simha 00:10. Moon will enter simha rashi at 00:10 AM before that moon will be in karkata rashi.
About Lagna and Chogadia Timings:
These times indicates pravesha timings means the time which lagna or chogadia will start. pushkara timings means a very good timings with in that lagna. Good for 1 ghatika. 24 minutes.
There are two luni-solar calendars are used in India. Poornimanth months and Amavasyant months.
Poornimant months months starts with krishna paksha and end with shukla paksha where as in amavasyant month starts with shukla paksha and ends
with krishna paksha. There are equal amount of treatise exists for both system.
Amavasyant is easy for calculation of panchanga, where as poornimanth becomes more complicated
during adhika month and kshaya masa, (if you look at how they are dividing the months
when adhika month comes, you could endup scratching your head). Amavasyant is very easy.
Poornimant is mostly used in hindi speaking belt. Non-hindu speaking belt like gujarathi,
marathi, south indians uses amavasyant month system. However, gujarati's new year starts
with kartik shukla paksha prathama where as hindi speaking people, and south indian's
new year start with chaitra sukla paksha prathama.
In Poornimant Krishna paksha comes first, and then shukla paksha. so when Amavasyant months have posh krishna paksha
Poornimant will have magha krishna paksha and then will be magha shukla paksha (common for both),
after that phalguna krishna paksha will come for Poornimanth months whereas amantha month call it as a magha krishna paksha.
When I say Magha krishna paksha chaturdashi for Amavasyanth it also means phalguna krishna paksha chaturdasi for Poornimant.
yaj jagrato duram udaiti daivam tad u
duramgamam jyotisam jyotir ekam tan me manaH shivasankalpam astu||
||shri shukla yajurveda vajasaneyi samhita (madhyandina sakha) 34.1|| The
divine essence that goes far away, from the waking, and likewise from
the sleeping, and that one far-traveling Light of lights, on that-the
auspicious will of the divine-may my mind dwell.
sarve janA sukhino santu ..
kriShNa! kriShNa!! kriShNa!!!
I bow down to the supreme personality of godhead Lord kriShNa who makes
Pundit Mahesh Shastriji
Seattle, WA, USA
shastrijii at mypanchang dot com Visitor: